“Disasters are defined by international agencies as events that overwhelm the local capacity to deal with them, necessitating a request for outside help. They include droughts, epidemics, volcanoes, storms, fires, accidents and events caused indirectly by wars. Being affected by a disaster is here defined as requiring assistance to survive, such as shelter, water, sanitation, medication or food. Of all the people affected by disasters between 1975 and 2004, 43% were in South Asia, 41% in East Asia and 5% in East Southern Africa.” Atlas of the Real World